Google created Doodle celebrates Premchand's 136th birthday

I am avid reader of novels and stories , I am fan of Munshi Premchand’s stories , He was born on 31st July 1880 in Lamhi village of Varanasi . a Hindustani literature and famous writer of the early 20th century. He got died at 8th of October in 1936 by serving the people with his great writings. The birth name of him is Dhanpat Rai Srivastav and pen name is Nawab Rai. He wrote his all writings with his pen name


Premchand was very good writer , He wrote many novels .

He published his first story named Duniya Ka Sabse Anmol Ratan in Zamana in the year 1907. In the same year he published his second short novel named Hamkhurma-o-Hamsavab. Another short novel is Kishna and stories are Roothi Rani, Soz-e-Watan and etc.

He was poted to Mahoba and then to Hamirpur as a Sub-deputy Inspector of Schools in the year 1909. Around 500 copies of Soz-e-Watan were burnt in a raid of British collector. Where he had to alter his name from “Nawab Rai” to “Premchand”. He had started writing in Hindi from 1914. The first Hindi writing Saut was published in the Saraswati magazine in the month of December in 1915 and Sapta Saroj in the month of June in 1917.

He got promoted as an Assistant Master at the Normal High School, Gorakhpur and posted to Gorakhpur in the month of August in 1916. At the Gorakhpur, he translated many books to Hindi. His first Hindi novel named Seva Sadan (original language was Urdu by the title Bazaar-e-Husn) was published in Hindi in the year 1919. He got promoted as a Deputy Inspectors of Schools in the year 1921 after completing his BA degree from Allahabad in 1919. He decided to resign the government job after attending the meeting at Gorakhpur on 8th February 1921 where Mahatma Gandhi asked people to join non-cooperation movement.

Career in Varanasi

He went back to Varanasi after leaving his job at 18th of March in 1921 and started focusing on his literary career. During this period he suffered financial problems and poor health till his death in 1936. He became successful in establishing his own printing press and publishing house in the Varanasi named Saraswati Press in the year 1923 where he published his writings Rangabhumi, Nirmala, Pratigya, Gaban, Hans, Jagaran.

Again he relocated to Kanpur in the year 1931 as a teacher in the Marwari College. After leaving the college he came back to Benares as an editor of the Maryada magazine. Where he had published the novel named Karmabhumi in the year 1932. Shortly he served as a headmaster at Kashi Vidyapeeth and later as an editor of the Madhuri magazine at Lucknow.

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